1. Basements are most often flooded by water building up in the soil, and overflowing into the basement. A sump pump is placed at the lowest level of the basement, and pumps the water out and away from the home before the water level reaches the basement floor level.
2. Sump pumps are usually installed for two reasons. One, the basement is located in an area where frequent flooding may be a problem. Two, the water table is equal or above the foundation of the home.
3. Sump pumps are usually hardwired into a home’s electrical system, and may have a battery backup. Some may use the home’s pressurized water supply as its power source, eliminating the need for electricity.
4. It’s important to maintain a normal sump cycle. In order to make sure that a sump pump is in proper working condition, its important to check it periodically, especially before heading into a wet season. Remove the sump pump cover and slowly pour water into the tank. The float should begin to rise, triggering the pump to start. Once the pump starts, the water level should quickly disperse. The pump should turn off once the water has been cleared.
5. Most problems associated with sump pumps stem from the float. If the pump does not start, the float may be stuck within the tank. Start by repositioning the float. If this fails, the float may need to be replaced. If the pump fails to shut off after the water has drained, that also signifies the need for a new float.